What is a water softener?
They convert hard water into so-called soft water. It is the reduction of the mineral content that is responsible for the conversion. Hard water contains mainly calcium and magnesium minerals and sometimes bicarbonate and sulphate. Soft water, on the other hand, is a type of water with little or no mineral content.
A process is used to reduce calcium, magnesium and in some cases manganese and iron dissolved in hard water. A softener is a system for converting hard water into soft water.
Softeners replace the calcium and magnesium content of hard water with sodium. Sodium does not accumulate in the pipes and does not react with soap. This means that the effects of hard water are eliminated. The principle of the water softener system is easy to understand.
Hard water can flow into the softener. It contains a layer of plastic beads, and in some cases the material used is zeolite. The layer of material inside the softener is impregnated with sodium ions. The sodium is replaced by the calcium and magnesium content of the hard water. When the water leaves the softener, it is said to belong to the soft water type.
At some point, the plastic beads or zeolite layer will be saturated only with calcium and magnesium ions. This is followed by a regeneration process in which water with a high sodium content is mixed, forming a strong brine solution. The sodium ions replace the calcium and magnesium ions, which are then flushed down the drain.
Table salt is cheap. Salt or sodium chloride is the sodium source in water coolants. Large quantities of salt cost little. It is a good source of sodium used in water coolers. Several cylindrical tanks and large square containers are used in the water chiller. The tanks are used to store the already purified water and the container is for the salt used in the process. The number of tanks depends on the production and the system itself.
If installed for domestic use, the softener should be located at the main inlet to the house sewer system. In this type of system, all water entering the house is already treated.
There are two main types of water softeners. One is an electric water chiller with a single tank. In addition to being expensive, this type of system also has some disadvantages. The consumption of soft water can be exhausted as the system uses only one tank. It can also have disadvantages as this type requires a high pressure. High pressures occur at night. Noise from running engines is not welcome at this time.
The second type of softener is a double hydraulic tank softener. This type provides a continuous supply of soft water to the household. The softening and regeneration processes take place alternately in the two tanks. In this way there is no risk of running out of soft water.
The salt tanks must be filled regularly. Most softeners do not have a salt level indicator; it is advisable to check the salt level regularly to avoid contamination of the water tanks. Softeners run continuously, even without salt, which can lead to tank contamination.
Salt-based water softening systems are not 100% effective. Only 75% of the calcium and magnesium content of the water is removed. Salt water cooling systems also release a large amount of lime into the environment.
The newly developed softening system is digital. The electronic digital water softening system is a revolutionary innovation in water softening processes. It is environmentally friendly and as efficient as a salt water softening system.
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